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10 Amazing Facts about Madurai

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The Story of Madurai is the most vital part of the old centuries in Indian history. Each period of the story notify about the ruler of an empire in the city. In the ancient period, Madurai was First under the rule of the Pandyas, Later the Sultanate, the Vijayanagar Empire, the Nayaks, the Carnatic Kingdom, and Chanda Sahib, at various times of its remarkable growth. Even, the city served as a British Colony in South India from 1801 till 1947. Before get into the Amazing facts about Madurai take some time to read the Historical Background of Madurai.

For those who are out of the city think that Madurai is just a town only famous for a temple. Let’s take a look some fact about this ancient Madurai city!

Sri Meenakshi Amman Temple

Meenakshi Amman Temple is a historic and ancient Hindu temple placed on the southern banks of the Vaigai River. It was built by The King Kulsekarer Pandayan and later Thirumalai Nayak re-designed the temple and made Master-Piece till now. It is a heart and lifeline of the 2,500-year-old city of Madurai and is an important symbol for the Tamil people, declared since ancient times in Tamil literature while the present structure was built between 1623 and 1655 CE

                        Madurai Sri Meenakshi Amman Temple

The Temple is entirely dedicated to the triple-breasted, fish-eyed goddess Meenakshi Amman not Sundareswarar, unlike most Shiva temples in South India where Shiva is the principal deity. We can proudly say that it was on the list of top 30 nominees for the “New Seven Wonders of the World”

Thirumalai Nayak Palace

Thirumalai Nayak Palace is a 17th-century palace raised in 1636 AD by King Thirumalai Nayak, a king of Madurai's Nayaka dynasty who ruled Madurai from 1623–59. This Palace is a classic combination of both Dravidian Art and Rajput styles. The main Palace, in which the king lived, can be seen in present day. The original Palace Complex was four times bigger than the present one.                                Thirumalai Nayak Palace

The palace was divided into two major parts, namely Swarga Vilasam and Ranga Vilasam. During the 18th century many structures of this palace were incorporated into buildings in the nearby streets. What remains is known as the Svarga Vilasam and a few neighboring buildings. The audience chamber of the Svarga Vilasam is a gigantic hall with arcades about 12 m high. The architecture is a mix of indigenous and Islamic forms. Tirumalai Nayak Palace was considered to be one of the wonders of the South and it is famous for its giant pillars. Pillar's height is 82 feet and width is 19 feet. This palace is located 2 km south east of the Sri Meenakshi Amman Temple.

Gandhi Museum

It is a memorial museum for Gandhi located in the city of Madurai and it is established in 1959. It is one of the five famous Gandhi Sanghralayas in the country. It includes a part of the blood-stained garment worn by Gandhi when he was assassinated by Nathuram Godse.

                    Gandhi Museum Madurai

In 1948 after the Death of Gandhi a request was made to the citizens of India nationwide to build memorials. With the aid of offerings from poor and rich citizens of India, a trust was established in the Name of “Mahatma Gandhi National Memorial Trust”. This museum was launched by the former Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru on 15 April 1959. And this Gandhi Museum is a formerlyThe palace of Rani Mangammal

Vandiyur Mariamman Teppakulam

Vandiyur Mariamman Teppakulam is the pond situated near to Vandiyur Mariamman Temple and located at a distance of about 2 km from the Meenakshi Amman Temple. This Pond connected to Vaigai River through a creative system of underground Channels. It has total of 12 long stairs on all four sides.

                                  Vandiyur Mariamman Teppakulam

The temple as well as the stairs was built by the King Thirumalai Nayak. He excavated the soil to make the bricks required for constructing his palace. The cavity that was thus formed is seen as tank now. It is around 305 M long and 290 M wide nearly equal area to Meenakshi Amman Temple. Built in 1645 A.D., and this is the biggest tank in Tamil Nadu.

Jallikattu

Jallikattu or eru thazhuvuthal is known to be practiced during the Tamil classical era (400-100 BC). Jallikattu a part of Pongal celebrations practiced in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

                                Jallikattu

A Bos indicus bull, such as Pulikulam breed, Kangayam breed are released into a crowd of people and multiple human participants try to take the large hump on the bull's back with both arms and hang on to it while the bull attempts to escape. Participants hold the hump for as long as possible, try to get the bull to a stop. In few cases, participants must ride long enough to remove flags on the bull's horns.

Mallipoo (Jasmine Flower)

                                 Madurai Mallipoo

Jasmine is one of the oldest and best perfumed flowers grown. The jasmine flower is used for several purposes i.e., in bouquet, decorating hair of women, making garlands, religious offering. Tamil Nadu holds No.1 position in producing of jasmine in India. The flowers produced in Tamil Nadu send overseas to the other countries like Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, and Middle East countries. The major districts in Tamil Nadu that produces jasmine are Madurai, Dindigul, Virudhunagar, Salem, Trichy, Tirunelveli.

Madurai is also referred to with names like Koodal Maanagar, Thoongaa Nagar (Sleepless City), Malligai Maanagar (City of Jasmine) and Athens of the East.

Chithirai Thiruvizha

 Chithirai Thiruvizha

It is an annual celebration celebrated only in Madurai City during the month of April. It is one of the longest celebrations in world celebrated for one month. The first 15 days of the festival is celebrated for Meenakshi Amman, and the remaining 15 days are celebrated for Alagar (lord Mahavishnu).

Peoples in Madurai

A reflective power of the culture tradition of Madurai is seen over its people too. Though the people of the city are gradually take on the modern lifestyle, their worth system remains unbroken. The social fabric of the place is well made-up and its people live in harmony with each other. They follow a very simple lifestyle, although the city never sleeps, people start their day early. The daily routine begins with a religious bath. Then, they offer prayers and light the lamps.

The people are well-mannered, good natured, pleasant and friendly. They respect their traditions strongly. They wear traditional clothes like Dhavani, Chodithar and Saarees. Madurai people think in simplicity and are hard working, sportive and sophisticated. The best mode of pastime for them is cinema, so you definitely find more number of cinema theatres in and around the City.

Arts and Crafts

Madurai has developed into a big profit-making centre in the south. It is famous for its textile industry which is upward in stature with time. The city supply massively to the textile wealth of the county and its textile industry still utilize its ancient techniques. The textile from the region is exported to all over the world.

There is a huge variety offered by Madurai in both the textile stuff as well as the weaving techniques. Apart from textiles, there are a number of other small industries that put into the arts and crafts of the city.

Local Food and Cuisine of Madurai

                                Jigarthanda

Madurai is frequently referred to as the food capital of Tamil Nadu, offering enormous variety in styles, cuisines, genres and sizes that it deliver. The local delicacies include Malligai Poo Idly, Various Varities of Parotta, Mutton Karri Dosai, Jigarthanda, Paruthi Milk, Panangkarkandu Milk, etc.